As of 2021, the current state of Pakistan's foreign exchange reserves is relatively low. As of 2021, Pakistan's foreign exchange reserves were around $20.39 billion, which is sufficient to cover around two months of imports. This is considered to be a relatively low level of foreign exchange reserves, as many countries aim to maintain reserves that are sufficient to cover at least three to six months of imports.
There are several factors that have contributed to the current low level of Pakistan's foreign exchange reserves. One factor is the country's high balance of payments deficit, which means that it has been importing more goods and services than it has been exporting. This has led to a depletion of foreign exchange reserves, as the country has had to use its reserves to pay for these imports.
Another factor is the low level of foreign investment in Pakistan. Foreign investment can help to boost a country's foreign exchange reserves by bringing in foreign currency. However, Pakistan has struggled to attract foreign investment due to political instability and economic uncertainty.
Finally, the Pakistani rupee has weakened against other major currencies in recent years, which has also contributed to the decline in foreign exchange reserves. As the value of the rupee has fallen, the country has had to use more of its reserves to buy foreign currency, which has further depleted its reserves.
Overall, the current state of Pakistan's foreign exchange reserves is relatively low due to a combination of economic and financial factors.