Primary education in Pakistan is compulsory and is supposed to be free. However, in practice, there are often fees associated with primary education, such as fees for uniforms, textbooks, and other supplies. These fees can be a significant barrier to education for families living in poverty, and as a result, many children, especially in rural areas, do not have access to education.
Secondary and higher education is not free in Pakistan, and students must pay fees to attend high school, intermediate college, and university. Fees for private schools and universities can be particularly high, and as a result, education is often out of reach for many students, particularly those from low-income families.
The government does provide financial assistance to some students in the form of scholarships and other forms of financial aid, but these programs are limited and do not reach all students who need assistance. Overall, the cost of education can be a significant barrier to accessing education, particularly for students from low-income families.