Pakistan's education sector has faced a number of challenges in recent years. One of the main challenges is a lack of access to education for many children, particularly in rural and underserved areas. According to the World Bank, the gross enrollment ratio in Pakistan (the percentage of children enrolled in primary school) was just over 50% in 2018.
There are also significant disparities in the quality of education available to different segments of the population. Public schools, which serve the majority of students, often have inadequate facilities and a shortage of trained teachers. As a result, many parents opt to send their children to private schools, which can be expensive and out of reach for many families.
Additionally, there are persistent issues with curriculum and teaching methods in Pakistan. The curriculum has often been criticized for being outdated and not aligned with the needs of the modern job market. There have also been concerns about the use of rote learning and a lack of critical thinking skills in the education system.
Overall, the education sector in Pakistan faces a number of challenges, including a lack of access, disparities in the quality of education, and issues with curriculum and teaching methods. These challenges have contributed to low levels of literacy and a lack of skilled labor in the country.